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Dennis M. Pape

Dennis M. Pape

Dennis Pape is a Bates Testify Expert based in New York, where he uses his extensive legal, regulatory and compliance background to provide advice and expert testimony on retail brokerage issues. In addition to his work with Bates Group, Mr. Pape is a private practice litigation attorney and acting arbitrator for the NASD and NYSE, and now FINRA as well. Before joining Bates Group, Mr. Pape was a securities litigation consultant and expert witness for LECG and Bates Private Capital Incorporated, firms that provided litigation consulting, financial analysis, market trend research, and expert witness testimony for securities and other financial-related matters. Mr. Pape has expertise and has provided expert testimony involving stocks, fixed income vehicles, options, mutual funds, limited partnerships, futures, margin, sales practice issues, supervision, brokerage operations, brokerage clearing issues, as well as profit and loss and damage calculation and analysis.

In Mr. Pape’s 24-year association with the Office of the General Counsel of Merrill Lynch (1977- 2001), he was directly involved in the defense of customer complaints, lawsuits, arbitrations, CFT reparation proceedings and SEC, and self-regulatory investigations and proceedings. As an attorney, Mr. Pape was counsel of record in at least 250 arbitration proceedings before the NYSE, NASD, AMEX, CBOE, CME, and AAA, actually trying to conclusion more than 100 such cases. He also supervised outside counsel on cases for which they were representing Merrill Lynch. In addition, as Manager of Litigation for Merrill Lynch’s Western Division, he supervised the caseloads of attorneys who reported to him. After his retirement from Merrill Lynch (2001-2004), he entered into a consulting agreement with Merrill Lynch to assist in an “Of Counsel” role in the defense of litigation matters.

During the period that Mr. Pape was in Merrill Lynch’s Compliance Dept. (1996-2001), he coordinated and led six task forces that reviewed and recommended changes to various aspects of the firm’s compliance structure and policies. These included branch office visits, active account reviews, branch managers’ responsibilities, client information, mutual fund surveillance, and Compliance 1028 report (daily branch office blotter). As Director of U.S. Private Client Surveillance, Director of Technology and Manager of Option’s Compliance, he supervised a staff of compliance professionals and set standards for the review of trading, supervisory controls and other activities.  Other areas of responsibility included “insider trading,” active account reviews, mutual fund trading, employee trading, trading in Merrill Lynch stock, “Grey List” reviews, restricted lists, OFAC monitoring, email compliance and detection of scams. He was also directly responsible for the design, development and implementation of home office and branch office surveillance and compliance systems. During this time, Mr. Pape was directly responsible for the development and implementation of Merrill Lynch’s exception report to the branch managers’ daily trade report, the online, web-based, interactive active account review systems for both traditional and fee-based accounts (ARMOR), concentration report, report of elderly clients on margin, short stock exposure report, client information change report, client data validation system, and an improved options loss report. He also supervised the Options Compliance Group including the firm’s SROP/CROP.

In addition, while at Merrill Lynch, Mr. Pape was counsel to the firm’s Options Review Committee, helped design the new account form, was an active member of the leadership group that designed, developed and implemented Merrill Lynch Direct, provided legal advice and litigation support to Merrill Lynch’s clearing firm, Broadcort Capital, was a frequent speaker at the firm’s branch management training programs, developed the Surveillance Analyst Training Manual, and assisted in setting up the compliance program for Merrill Lynch Japan Securities.

Prior to Merrill Lynch, Mr. Pape was the general counsel and compliance director of G. Tsai & Company, Inc. (1976-1977), where he acted as a one-person legal department and compliance director for this New York Stock Exchange, Inc., member firm, its parent and affiliates.  He had direct contact with all legal matters inherent to a multi-state business, as well as all securities and compliance areas particular to investment advisers and broker-dealers.  He reviewed all daily transactions, approved new accounts, pre-reviewed options accounts, active account reviews, 144 trades, branch office and registered representative registrations, regulatory reviews, compliance visits to branch offices, authored compliance manual, all forms, contracts and customer agreements.  He also reviewed, edited and obtained approval for all sales literature, brochures and research reports.

As a regulator, Mr. Pape worked as an attorney in the New Stock Exchange’s Department of Enforcement as a special counsel and manager (1972-1976). In that position he was responsible for the training and supervision of a staff of attorneys and investigators.  The staff’s responsibilities included the investigation and prosecution of violations of the New York Stock Exchange’s Constitution and Rules, as well as the federal securities laws as they applied to Exchange members and their employees.  Mr. Pape also had individual responsibilities for the investigation and prosecution of large and complex cases. He had general responsibility for determining the cases to be opened, their assignment and closing, and recommendations for disciplinary actions. He participated in all policy and administrative decisions of the Department.

Prior to the NYSE, Mr. Pape started his association with the securities industry as a trial attorney in the New York Regional Office of the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (1970-1972). There he had contact with most areas of ‘33 Act and ‘34 Act practice with emphasis on the investigation and prosecution of violations of the federal securities laws.  He experienced all levels of enforcement activities: investigations, administrative hearings, injunctive actions and criminal prosecutions.

After graduation from law school, and prior to entering the securities industry, Mr. Pape served as a trial counsel for the Criminal Division of the New York City Legal Aid Society, (1968-1970) providing legal defense to indigent clients.

While in law school, Mr. Pape was an investigator for the New York City Comptroller’s Office (1964-1968) engaged in the investigation of legal claims against the City of New York.

Dennis is a consultant and subject matter expert in these Practice Areas and Services:



Bates Group LLC, Testifying Expert, 2011 - Present
Dennis M. Pape, Attorney at Law, 2001 - Present
LECG, LLC, Affiliate, 2005 - 2011
Bates Private Capital Incorporated, 2002 - 2005
Merrill Lynch & Co., 1977 - 2001; Office of General Counsel, 1977 - 2001; Director of U.S. Private Client Surveillance, Technology and Options; Director/Senior Counsel, 1996 - 2001; Manager of Litigation for Western Sales Region, 1993-1995; Vice President/Senior Counsel, 1977 - 1995
G. Tsai & Company, Inc., General Counsel/Compliance Director, 1976 -1977
New York Stock Exchange, Inc., Department of Enforcement, Special Counsel/Manager, 1972 - 1976
U.S. States Securities & Exchange Commission, Trial Attorney, 1970 - 1972
The Legal Aid Society, Manhattan and Queens Criminal Branches and Kings County Supreme Court Branch, Trial Attorney, 1968 - 1970
New York City Comptroller’s Office, Claim Examiner, 1964 - 1968


Juris Doctor (JD), Fordham University School of Law, New York, NY
Bachelor of Science (BS), Accounting/Finance, New York University, School of Commerce, New York, NY


Speaker on compliance issues at SIA and PLI seminars
Registrations: Series 7 and Series 24 (ended with retirement from Merrill Lynch)
NYSE, NASD and FINRA Arbitrator
Member NYSE Hearing Board (ended with retirement from Merrill Lynch)

Contact Bates Group

Bates Group is with you every step of the way. Contact us today for more information on how our End-to-End Solutions can help your firm.